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Old 03-30-2005, 10:24 PM   #1
PeteBobJoe
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Cold Fusion Power for Cars?

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Originally Posted by http://www.sowpub.com/cgi-bin/forum/webbbs_config.pl/read/7097
Cold fusion ‘breakthrough’ heralds clean nuclear power
The Sunday Times (UK) | March 03, 2002 | Jonathan Leake, Science Editor

NUCLEAR scientists will this week announce they may have achieved a controlled form of cold fusion, a technology that potentially offers humanity a limitless source of clean energy.
The researchers are to publish evidence suggesting they have successfully fused the nuclei of hydrogen atoms, so recreating the processes that take place within the sun.

Until now the only way to achieve fusion has been through nuclear weapons or in vast experimental machines that cost billions of pounds. Both depend on generating extremely high temperatures.

However, the latest research, by scientists at the American government’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Michigan, was done on a laboratory bench using relatively simple and cheap equipment at room temperature.

The study echoes the work of Professor Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons who, in 1989, announced they had achieved cold fusion at Southampton University but were ridiculed when no one could repeat their work.

Fleischmann and Pons made what many now see as a fatal mistake when they released their results at a press conference rather than having them scrutinised by other scientists before publication in an academic journal.

It is understood that Rusi Taleyarkhan from Oak Ridge, Fred Becchetti from the University of Michigan and their collaborator, Robert Nigmatulin, of the Russian Academy of Sciences, have repeated their work and subjected it to extensive peer review.

If confirmed, the discovery could rank among the most important since the dawn of the nuclear age. The scientists are, however, extremely cautious at this stage, saying only that they have detected all the signs of fusion rather than categorically confirming it.

Their technique uses pressure waves to generate tiny bubbles in a solution of acetone that has been infused with deuterium, a “heavy” form of hydrogen extracted from sea water.

At the heart of most hydrogen atoms is a nucleus comprising a single proton. Deuterium atoms, however, have an additional particle, a neutron. This makes them roughly twice as heavy and slightly unstable.

Physicists have long known that smashing two deuterium atoms together can fuse them into tritium, a third form of hydrogen with a proton and two neutrons. This fusion releases vast amounts of energy. This was the principle used to create the hydrogen bomb in 1945, but ever since then scientists have been struggling to find a way to control the process.

In the latest technique, the sound waves create bubbles that expand with explosive force. As the wave passes, the bubbles implode, generating extremely high temperatures. This process is known as sono-luminescence after the flashes of light emitted.

Until recently scientists could generate only temperatures of tens of thousands of degrees, far short of the sun’s 10m Celsius. This appears to have been solved by “hitting” the bubbles with another sound wave that compresses them so rapidly that temperatures soar and the deuterium fuses.

An insider said the researchers had detected “promising signs of fusion” including the creation of tritium and, crucially, the emission of neutrons. The researchers believe the neutrons have energy levels consistent with those that would be emitted by deuterium fusion.

This would enable them to escape the fate of Fleischmann and Pons, whose readings of neutrons enabled them to claim they had achieved fusion. It later emerged that these neutrons could have been the results of contamination.

Neil Turok, professor of theoretical physics at Cambridge University, said the results, if confirmed, were extremely exciting: “Cold fusion has a bad history but these laboratories are among the best in the world and they will have taken every precaution to get it right.”

The research has major implications for other fusion projects. Britain already hosts the Jet project at Culham in Oxford, where a machine has been built to research sustainable nuclear fusion reactions.

This weekend it emerged that Culham had scrapped its own research into sono-luminescence and other low-tech forms of fusion after a report from Thornton Greenland, a former senior scientist, suggesting it was unlikely ever to work.

Greenland said: “I thought there was too little evidence to show it would work, but this suggests I was wrong.”

Recently, Lord Sainsbury, the science minister, committed Britain to joining an international project to build a £2 billion fusion machine called Iter, Latin for “the Way”.

Even this, however, will be able to sustain fusion reactions for only 16 minutes. A proper fusion reactor capable of producing power is thought to be 30-50 years away.

Fleischmann, who now lives near Salisbury, still believes his results were correct although he regrets allowing colleagues to press him into publicising them before he was ready.

He said: “I hope they have achieved it. If they have, I hope people are ready for it this time.”

Well I think since Cold Nuclear Fusion has been discovered, AND, the fact that a women discovered how to use it, link.
This awesome and interesting technology could be used towards cars, boats, planes etc, plus keep our planet full of light for virtually forever, is amazing.

Do you guys think that this technology is even pluasible and should it be used towards car boats and planes to rid us of the fossil fuel era?
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Old 03-31-2005, 09:24 AM   #2
88GrandPrixSE
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PeteBobJoe
Well I think since Cold Nuclear Fusion has been discovered, AND, the fact that a women discovered how to use it, link.
This awesome and interesting technology could be used towards cars, boats, planes etc, plus keep our planet full of light for virtually forever, is amazing.

Do you guys think that this technology is even pluasible and should it be used towards car boats and planes to rid us of the fossil fuel era?

I'm no scientist so I won't decide if it's plausible or not. Not practical for cars though, too un-stable any nuclear energy is. As far as I know anything nuclear powered is susceptible to meltdown, and, how would you cool it on a car? There's no water for cooling. So not practical in vehicles.

The next car "engine" has pretty much been decided on already. Hydrogen, from what I have heard it is beyond efficient, easy to make, most plentiful substance in the universe, unlimited on the earth, most importantly, zero pollution. Though I don't know how they're going to make winter cars, because when the hydrogen passes through the fuel cell, it turns into water... water freezes below zero... your tailpipe would get pluged instantly in -40 degree weather like I get where I live.
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